Monday, September 13, 2010

Archive Topic: Learning Disabilities

Purpose of this blog: Review of interesting articles and ideas in English education journals, K-12.

10-second review: A definition that tells you more than you want to know. Still, if you can follow its tentacles, it may be useful.

Title: “Role Clarification for Remedial Reading and Learning Disabilities Teachers.” WE Sawyer and BA Wilson. Reading Teacher (November 1979), 162-166.

Quote: “One of the most controversial parts of the law is the inclusion of ‘specific learning disabilities’ as a handicapping condition. The problem was exacerbated by the inability of educators to agree on a definition of learning disabilities. The matter was concluded in December 1977 when the Federal Register [Vol. 42, no. 250, Thurs., Dec. 29, 1977, p. 65083] published the officially accepted definition.

Quote: “ ‘Specific learning disability’ means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, which may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, or to do mathematical calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptual handicaps, brain injury, minimal brain disfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. The term does not include children who have learning problems which are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor handicaps, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural or economic disadvantage.”

Comment: Now I need to focus on how learning disabilities are different from learning problems. RayS.

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